Thursday, April 07, 2005

Christian gangsters, the American-trained military and terror

http://archives.econ.utah.edu/archives/aut-op-sy/2000m02/msg00158.htm
http://www.asiapac.org.fj/cafepacific/resources/aspac/maluku.html
http://www.infid.be/kopassus_maluku.html

The rich elite sometimes use terror in order to hold onto their wealth and power.

It is sometimes Christian gangsters, allied to members of the elite, who carry out the violence.

It now appears that Christian gangsters and sections of the American-trained military have been behind much of the terror in Indonesia’s Spice islands/Maluku/Ambon and elsewhere.

Christians have reportedly been responsible for attacking churches.

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The surrender to the Indonesian police of Berty Loupatty, the leader of the Christian Coker gang, has led to revelations about the alleged role of Kopassus, the army's American-trained special forces, in the terror in Indonesia. http://www.infid.be/kopassus_maluku.html

Berty Loupatty claims that most of the terror in Maluku has been stage-managed by the military.

Tempo Magazine gained access to police reports, revealing that Coker was involved in at least 13 incidents, 9 of which included members of Kopassus. [Tempo No. 46, 19 January 2003].

Christian Rahayaan, a lawyer for Coker, told the press:

'During questioning, members of the Coker gang said Kopassus soldiers gave them directives, weapons and bombs to carry out every attack (in 2002). It's clear that the unrest in Maluku is the work of provocateurs. They use the pretext to create the impression that without the military, Maluku won't be safe'. [AFP, 8 January 2003].

"According to police reports Coker was involved in the destruction of a public transport terminal on 27 August 2001, killing 2 persons and wounding 16. A month later the Christian militia group placed a bomb in a minibus, killing one person.

"On 12 November 2001, supported by a Kopassus member called Ridwan, Coker members planted a bomb in an electronics shop killing 3 persons.

"Just before Christmas Day 2001 they exploded a bomb on a ferry carrying hundreds of passengers, heading towards the Galala harbour in Ambon. The ferry sank, 4 people were killed and scores were wounded. The Kopassus member involved was known as Dio.

"Together with Kopassus troops, Coker launched attacks on the villages of Portho and Haria on 10 April and 8 May 2002, with the intention of provoking the villagers to fight each other.

"The most vicious combined operation of Coker and Kopassus was the attack on the village of Soya... 22 houses were destroyed by fire, as well as the historic church of Soya built during Portuguese times and 12 people were killed. The Soya bloodbath created new tensions between Muslim and Christian communities. It is now clear that the attack was not the work of Muslim warriors as was thought at the time but an attack by a Christian militia gang together with Kopassus units."

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'In February 2000 a bloodbath occurred in Tobelo and Galela, in North Maluku. It is estimated that 1,500 Muslims were butchered within a short space of time, which was possibly the highest death toll in a religious conflict in the history ofIndonesia'. http://www.infid.be/kopassus_maluku.html

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George Aditjondro has written that the terror in parts of Indonesia has been triggered and fed by a number of provocateurs, according to monitoring by a sociologist and two human rights organizations.

In Ambon there is a Christian gang called Cowok Keristen (Christian Boys), shortened to Coker, and uses the Maranatha Protestant church as its headquarters.

'In Jakarta, they are connected to two Moluccan Christian youths, Milton Matuanakota and Ongky Pieters. This gang of Moluccan Christian youths dominate the shopping centre, parking area and gambling dens in West Jakarta.'

Communal clashes in Ketapang in Jakarta, November l998, involved Christian gangsters from Ambon. There were rumours that hundreds of Christian Ambonese security guards for a major gambling casino had destroyed a local mosque. Indonesian human rights investigators found evidence that truckloads of youths, some of them paid, had been trucked in to take part in the violence. http://www.hrw.org/reports/1999/ambon/amron-02.htm

The Christian gangs are part of the Jakarta mafia, operating as security guards for illegal gambling dens, night clubs and brothels. From the start, the godfathers of the gangs were military officers. Http://www.infid.be/kopassus_maluku.html

In Jakarta, rivals of the Milton and Ongky group include Ongen Sangaji, a Pancasila Youth activist and coordinator of a Moluccan Muslim university student organization. Many members of this group were recruited into the PAM Swakarsa (civilian security troops) used by General Wiranto to keep protesting students away from parliament in November l998.

Thamrin Amal Tomagola, a professor at the University of Indonesia's Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, suspects that in Ambon the network of provocators can be traced back to people connected to former Armed Forces Commander General Wiranto (Sydney Morning Herald, 19 January 2000).

Allegedly the terror in Maluku may be being funded by the Suharto family and by two Suharto cronies with business interests in North Maluku, Eka Cipta Widjaja and PrajogoPangestu (Jakarta Post, 18 January 2000).

Allegedly Suharto and his generals may also have received funds from another entrepreneur with big business in Maluku, Tommy Winata. (Tempo, 31 May-6June 1999: 39-50).

1 comment:

Cloud Tiger said...

Thanks for a great article.
So the "strategy of tension" "Gladio" terrorism by the Pentagon [on behalf of the Elite] is going strong and blatant in Indonesia too.. no surprises there then.